Today, the LASER impacts everybody and is a part of everyday life: electronic communications, surgery, barcode scanning, 3D printing (Additive Manufacturing), CD and DVDs, targeting commercial and civilian sectors, welding, scanners, light shows at concerts, distance measurements, temperature determination, military applications and on and on. While the term LASER (Light Amplification By Stimulated Emission of Radiation) is well known, what is not so well known is that we can trace the origin of the LASER to a lesser well known innovation, the MASER (Microwave Amplification By Stimulated Emission Of Radiation), an invention that was created by a team of three scientists in 1953 by P. Gordon, H.J. Zeiger and South Carolina's own Charles H. Townes. Dr. Townes was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 for the theoretical work that led to the construction of the first working MASER.
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